The past three decades have been marked by the growth of Ethiopian religion in various ways.
Religious practices are being embraced and, in some ways, transformed.
The rise of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church (ETOC) has been heralded as a turning point in the country’s history.
However, Ethiopia’s secular political culture is changing in other ways as well, as religious movements are emerging as a key political force in Ethiopia’s new politics.
In the early 1990s, Ethiopia was divided by a civil war between the Muslim minority and Christian minority, a conflict that eventually led to the creation of Ethiopia as an independent state in 1995.
The ensuing civil war was triggered by a Christian rebellion that began in 1997, and the military forces of the then-new government took control of the country in 2002.
In 2000, Ethiopian President Hassan Nasser called for a new religious movement to rise in the wake of the civil war.
He believed that religious institutions, like the ETOC, would provide a solution to the countrys ongoing problems of unemployment and poverty, and it soon became the ETAC, a group of religious and non-religious groups that began operating in Ethiopia in 2000.
Ethiopia has experienced a gradual transition from a religious state to a secular state since 2000.
The ETAC was founded by the former Ethiopian president, the late Aminah Sadat, who had become disillusioned with the religious institutions in her country.
The ETAC began operating on the basis of a simple premise: “Ethiopians need a new religion.
They want to be part of the future.”
The group quickly grew, and within three years, the ETEC had grown to over 200 groups, with over 30,000 members.
The group was able to establish a presence in all of Ethiopia, from the capital Addis Ababa to the south, and in all the states of West Africa.
Ethics Minister of State for Religious Affairs Hisham Amin told Al Jazeera that the ETIC was a secular movement and that they “didn’t have a political agenda.”
“Ethnic minorities have a right to participate in the process of the creation and implementation of a secular, democratic, and pluralistic society, he said.
Ethnic groups in Ethiopia began to receive support from the Ethiopian government in 2005.
According to the ministry, in 2009, Ethiopia received $5 million from the UN Development Programme to help them with the construction of churches, temples, schools, and hospitals.
In 2010, the government began providing grants to religious institutions for the construction and expansion of religious schools and universities.
In addition to the development of religious institutions and the ETICA, Ethiopia has been in a long-term struggle with the Muslim-Christian conflict that erupted in the early 2000s.
In 2006, in the middle of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, a Muslim rebel group led by Abu Umar al-Qaduli killed more than 200 people and burned down more than 40 churches in a predominantly Christian town in northern Ethiopia.
In 2009, in an act of revenge, a Christian group bombed a mosque in the capital, Addis.
In 2011, the Ethiopian Government launched a campaign called “Dangerous Days” in which hundreds of Ethiopian Christians were targeted by militants who targeted churches, mosques, and other sites, including mosques in Addis, Baga, and Addis Negara, killing over 200 people.
The government then deployed thousands of troops to the Christian areas of the north.
In 2014, Ethiopia suffered a series of attacks that left over 1,200 people dead, and thousands of Christian homes were destroyed.
Following the attack, the Islamic Courts of Ethiopia (ICET) in Ethiopia declared a state of emergency and began imposing Sharia law in Ethiopia.
The ICET issued a fatwa forbidding the public display of symbols of the Christian faith, such as crosses and statues of saints, and imposed restrictions on the worship of saints and religious practices.
In April 2017, the ECIC declared the state of Emergency in Ethiopia and declared that “there is no religious freedom in the name of Islam,” and that any religious institution can be banned.
Ethias constitution prohibits any form of discrimination based on religion, but the ICET has used this law to target Christians.
In January 2018, the ICIC also passed an amendment to Ethiopia’s constitution that allowed it to ban religious institutions based on “national, ethnic, religious, or other grounds” and to declare that the state is in need of funding to defend religious minorities.
In November 2018, after the government launched a massive offensive in the south to retake the capital of Addis ababa, hundreds of Christian civilians were killed and many churches were destroyed in the fighting.
In September 2018, over 300 Christians were killed during a military operation in the northern part of Ethiopia that included the bombing of churches.
In February 2019, Ethiopia began an unprecedented military operation to retake northern parts of the capital.
Ethios military operations in the north have been characterized by indiscriminate targeting of civilians, civilian objects, and civilian infrastructure, including schools, hospitals,